Tips by Juaneda Emergency Service to bear the heat
The high temperatures and the sun exposure can cause serious health problems. During the summertime, the number of people that come to the Emergency Service due to heat strokes is increasing. They usually have symptoms like muscle cramps, headache, confusion, insomnia or weakness.
After several hours of being out in the sun at high temperatures, our body temperature can increase up to 40 degrees. The heat strokes usually occur in warm environments with high degrees of humidity. The main symptoms that usually appear are: hot, red and dry skin, headache, nausea, loss of consciousness, drowsiness and convulsions.
From the Juaneda Hospitals Emergency Service, we recommend you a list of tips to take care your health during the summer.
The first and most important thing to avoid these types of mishaps is prevention. For that reason, you should avoid being out in the sun and doing sports between 12:00 and 16:00 hours, drink liquids (water, juices ...) and wear light and fresh clothes.
If you suffer from any of the symptoms, you should look for a cool place, drink water and go to the emergency room if the symptoms get worse.
Faced with a heat stroke, you should move the person to a cool place, wet his clothes with water and fan him. If he is conscious, you should sit him up and give him water to drink. If the person is unconscious, you should go quickly to the hospital centre.
Stomach cramps are also very common during the summer. These are produced due to a very sharp difference between body and water temperature. Therefore, it is recommended not to do physical efforts or have copious meals before swimming. Moreover, you should go little by little into the water to test that your body is adapting to the new thermal conditions.
In addition, sea animals such as jellyfish, sea urchin and weeverfish bites are common during this season of the year. In order to treat jellyfish bites, it is recommended to wash with salt water without rubbing and apply cold compresses and homemade vinegar in the area of the bite.
If the bite is a weeverfish bite, it is recommended to immerse the affected area in very hot water, as well as using an anti-inflammatory to relieve the pain. If the bite is made by a sea urchin, you should try to remove the quills in order to prevent that the injury become infected.
If any of these situations get worse, the pain increases or does not improve after the recommendations, you should go to the hospital emergency service.
Regarding food, another usual risk in summer is gastroenteritis caused by the consumption of foods that have suffered a cold chain interruption, food that have not had a good handling or rotten food. Some of its symptoms are diarrhoea, vomiting or cramps that can originate fever and dehydration. In order to combat these symptoms, it is recommended to drink a lot of liquid and not eat solid products during the first hours. If this is not enough, you should go to a specialist doctor.
It is also important to pay attention to children, pregnant women and people over 65 years old.
After all these tips, enjoy the summer!
Juaneda is near you.